Your foot is a complex mechanism, made of 24 bones and several muscles, tendons and ligaments. The function of the ligaments is to hold the bones together. The bones are aligned in a manner that forms two arches of the foot – the medial arch and the lateral arch. A thick tissue called the plantar fascia runs from the heel to the metatarsal bones on the plantar side of the foot and supports the arch. There are fat pads in the foot that help provide cushioning and shock absorption. When your feet pain in certain places over a long period of time, it is an indication that something is wrong and needs your attention. It could be due to several factors like poor biomechanical alignment, improper footwear (too tight or high heels), injury or inflammation due to strain.
Here’s an indicative chart that shows what the possible causes of your foot pain might be depending on the area of pain.
Orthotic insoles provide pain relief in such deformities. They also provide relaxation to the bones or tendons that create the pain areas by realigning your posture correctly and offloading excessive weight.